Spawning Sprites & Building Sprite Groups
Including the p5.play Library
A library is a collection of code that our editor can reference in order to achieve new results. This code contains new functions, objects, and other items that we can utilize to make our lives much easier.
For p5.play.js to work in your sketch you need to include it in your HTML file. We can use the jsDelivr website to generate a link to the P5.play library’s github source code. This generated link is provided for you below.
Open your project-folder and find the index.html file. Add this line under the first two script tags, being sure not to place this line inside of, or accidentally delete any of the script tags that are currently present.
One recommendation is to move everything from line 6 onward in the HTML file down by one space and then paste the line above onto the now empty line. This should keep all of the source elements properly formatted in the code.
Once you have added this line, save your HTML file and head back to your “sketch.js” file. This loads p5.play.js in your sketch. At this point, it is highly recommended that you duplicate your code and save it as a starting template for the remaining assignments in this course. Doing so will save you the time needed to continually return to this page to copy and insert the same link in every project that will require this library, and will ensure that the library is always present in your codes. To do so, simply name your current code
P5.play Starting Template and then press file > duplicate. This will make an exact copy of your code. You can now edit the cope however you need without overwriting the original. You can open the original and create as many duplicates as you need, resulting in a large time saver over the entirety of this course. Once this line is present in your HTML file, you do not have ot do anything else. Once you save you will be able to access all of the code available in the P5.play library.
For a quick practice, let’s do exactly what is highly recommended in the section just above us.
- Open a new p5 sketch. Name it something easily recognizable like
p5.play starting template.
- Copy the line of html code form above and past it into the
index.htmlfile of your newly created sketch.
- Be sure that you go to line 6 and move all of the contents down one line to avoid possible formatting errors.
- Once you have pasted this line into the code, save the sketch.
Now whenever you create a sketch using the p5.play library you can search for this code in the
My Sketches menu and duplicate it before working. This will help you automatically have the p5.play library ready to go and you won’t need to come back to this page over and over again just for that single line.
Spawning Sprites with P5.play
Now that we have the P5.play library included in our sketch we can begin working with a sprite. Sprites are the main building block of the P5.play library and are our main way of interacting with its code and features. These sprites are powerful characters with customizable properties that we can use to interact with our code in unique and customizable ways. We will be utilizing the sprites as a way to generate these interactions without having to perform and code complex mathematic equations for every element desired on the canvas such as movement, acceleration, collisions, animations, etc.
To generate a sprite we must first create a variable that will contain our sprite. This will allow us to refer to our sprite and alter its properties through dot notation. We then assign this variable to the result of the new function
createSprite(). This function from the P5.play library is what generates the sprite, and can take the following arguments:.
- X-location of the sprite’s center
- Y-location of the sprite’s center
- Width of the sprite
- Height of the sprite
Each of these arguments can be changed later on in your code, but you ust give a starting value in order to be able to create the sprite. However, look at the code below. We have created the sprite, but cannot see it on the canvas.https://codepen.io/lsuddem/pen/Baowrja
In order to see sprites drawn to the canvas, one of two functions are needed inside of the
drawSprite(): Draws a single sprite to the canvas. Use the desired sprite’s variable name as the argument. You will need one of these for each sprite that you want to draw.
drawSprites(): Draws all sprites to the canvas. Most examples in this unit will utilize this function. You will only need to use this line of code once in the project.
When we add this line into our draw function we can now see the sprite appear.https://codepen.io/lsuddem/pen/NWGaYgr
The default appearance of the sprite is a rectangle with a randomly generated color. If you were to change the size of the sprite in the arguments of the
createSprite() function on line 9, you would see both the size and color change when the code re-ran. The specific color of a sprite can be set using the
.shapeColor property. One thing to keep in mind that unlike the
rect() function, `createSprite()’ generates its shapes from the center. We will go over properties and methods more in the next lesson, but their use and formatting is almost identical to other JS objects and classes that were mentioned in this lesson.
If you use the
.shapeColor property to set a permanent color to a sprite, you can define the color a few different ways. Perhaps the two easiest are:
- using a predefined web-color name as a string
- using an array to set the RGB value for the sprite
sprite.shapeColor = "coral"; //or sprite.shapeColor = [200. 105, 10];
Using this process you can now generate as many sprites as needed using
createSprite() for each one. Every sprite will need its own unique name, but you will only need to call
drawSprites() one time in your code. It is best that this happens last in the draw function so that any calculations can occur be applied to the sprite before it is drawn.
Try using what we know now in order to create a total of 5 different sprites in a p5 sketch. Remember that You need to have the p5.play library installed in the sketch before functions like
createSprite() will work! Afterwards, try to give each sprite a unique color using the property
Making Groups of Sprites
Once you have multiple sprites you may find it beneficial to group them together. This will allow you to refer to multiple sprites at once if you need to update the properties of multiple sprites at the same time.
To create a group, follow these steps:
- Create a variable that will store the group. This will allow us to refer to the entire group by the variable name.
Indicate that this is a new group as shown below:
groupName = new Group();
Add sprites to the group
You can now refer to your sprites individually or as a group, similar to a teacher giving instructions to an individual student, or addressing the whole class at one time. You can also remove a sprite from a group with the
Try taking your code from the previous practice in this lesson and add all five of the sprites you created into a group. We will work more with groups of sprites in a few lessons, but it is important to know that once you make the sprites, you can group together similar ones.